Understanding The Magneto Architecture

Without a doubt, the most popular platform in all of eCommerce has to be Magneto. This is a service that powers virtually thousands of online stores, as well as provides various business with different methods to help support themselves. This is an eCommerce platform that is not only flexible, but it also helps to scale your actual business while it continues to grow. Additionally, Magento is built upon a very robust architecture as well, which includes features involving inventory management, shopping carts that are easy to use, and extensive customisation support.

Magneto also works to follow programming principles that are more object-oriented, which allow for more software component flexibility. As a result, more highly-customised storefronts can be created for businesses that possess diverse verticals.

Architecture That Is Layered

Magneto possesses an architecture that is very strongly layered, which helps to separate business logic from the overall presentation layer. In the end, this helps to simplify store customisation in regards to both features and appearance. In addition, it allows for developers to fully understand how everything works in order to allow them to place the right code and features. The classic model view controller can also be tweaked, and all files within various modules can also be grouped together by their specific functionality rather than by their specific file type.

The following layers are included:

  • Presentation: This involves view components such as blocks, layouts, and templates, as well as the different process commands that help to form the overall user interface and the web API service bindings.
  • Service: This involves the interface that is used to help interact with the business logic, as well as the actual business logic itself.
  • Domain: This involves functionality and business logic being provided within the base classes, in addition to data access capabilities that can be customised per requirements that are requested.

Extensible

Magento has long been known for being extensible for the sole reason that it uses two different things: service contracts and dependency injection. Dependency injection allows for a module to be modified without a client having to be altered in any way.

Modular

In short, modules are the most basic functional units of any eCommerce platform, including Magneto. These contain all of the logic that is needed to help execute all of the different functions that are required to be performed. The developers of this platform work hard to write modules that are innovative in order to help extend all of the different core features to make things more appealing to both customers and businesses alike. Additionally, themes can be separately created before they are integrated into the system itself.

All in all, Magneto is strongly based on other well-known technologies that are more “open-sourced,” such as Apache, Linux, Zend, Composer, and My SQL.

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